Why Your Gums Hurt While You're On Your Period

2 July 2018
 Categories: Dentist, Blog


If you've noticed that you seem to have gum pain on your period, you're not alone. Many women experience oral health problems while they're on their monthly cycle. Here's why it happens and what you can do if you're tired of it being a problem for you.

Hormones Released

Your body releases a number of hormones when you're on your period, including progesterone. This hormone is designed to help encourage your body to rid itself of unnecessary tissue in the uterus. However, the hormone is distributed through the entire body. As a result, it can affect other tissues, too, like your gums. This is the same reason why other parts of the body can seem achy and sensitive during your period, too, like your upper legs or lower back.

Swelling Sensitivity

When your gums are affected by progesterone, they tend to become swollen or sensitive. Chances are this means that they're uncomfortable for you on your period, or may downright hurt. This also means that harsh tooth brushing, acidic foods, or the slightest injury to your gums (like poking them with a utensil) can cause bleeding. Unfortunately, bleeding gums are very common for women on their periods for this very reason.

What To Do

If you have this problem on a regular basis, you should consider seeing a dentist. While some sensitivity and inflammation during your period might be normal, it shouldn't be significant enough to cause pain or bleeding. If it is, this might actually indicate that you have mild gum disease and need dental help to get it under control.

In addition, you can take steps at home to prepare and soothe your gums when you know that your period is coming. Brush lightly enough that you're barely touching your gums and teeth. Rinse with salt water to help reduce pain and inflammation. Avoid eating or drinking anything that might make your teeth or gums feel more sensitive. You can also purchase a tooth-numbing gel and apply it to your gums to help reduce discomfort. Keep in mind that these tips should only be used in addition to seeing a dentist.

Sensitive, inflamed gums are common for many women during their periods, but they don't have to go through it, and neither do you. Visit your dentist for a check-up to find out if you have gum disease. If you do, treating it may be the cure you need to prevent this problem from coming back every month.

For more information, check out a website like Pinon Hills Dental.